While some people may think that depression is just feeling sad, there are actually different kinds of depression that can affect a person. Whether it is seasonal affective disorder (SAD) or atypical depression or even chronic depression or major depressive periods, knowing as much as you can about the mental disorder will go a long way in making sure you can take the proper steps to get treatment. A lot of people have misconceptions about depression, which is a shame in the Information Age.
To help with this, we are going to go over the different types of depression that may be diagnosed. Additionally, we are going to take a quick look at some of the signs and symptoms that will appear with depression. Finally, we have a few treatments for depression that can really help a person take control of their life and start enjoying it again. When you are finished reading, you should have a very good overview of depression.
Types of Depression
Here is a quick rundown of some of the different types of depression that afflict people. This is just basic information about the different kinds of depression that can affect you, but it should give you a good idea of what you are facing if you are seeing any of the signs of depression. Noticing the symptoms of depression and taking action is important no matter what type of depression affects you.
- Major Depressive Disorder – This is when depression causes a person to lose interest in life and to be unable to perform daily duties and get any enjoyment out of life. When major depression occurs for two or more weeks on a daily basis, there is a good chance someone may be suffering from major depressive disorder.
- Atypical Depression – This is a milder form of depression that does not last as long as major depression, but it can still lead to negative behaviors by people experiencing it. From overeating to chronic fatigue, there are a lot of signs that occur with atypical depression.
- Chronic Depression (Dysthymia) – When depression occurs for two or more years, it is referred to as chronic depression or dysthymia. People who suffer from this will most likely experience one of more major depressive periods in their life as well.
- Manic Depression (Bipolar Disorder) – With this type of depression there will also be periods of mania – even mild mania – in between depressive episodes. There are actually two types of Bipolar disorder (I and II) with the first (bipolar I) there is no period of major depression. With bipolar II, there is more depression than mania. Either way, it can be troubling to deal with.
- Seasonal depression – Also known as seasonal affective disorder (SAD), seasonal depression usually occurs during the fall and winter months. However, there are some cases where it begins in late summer and ends in the autumn months. The sadness and depression, however, always come about during the same time of year.
No matter what type of depression you are dealing with, you really want to make sure that you know the symptoms and signs of depression and take them seriously if they appear. This can go a long way in helping someone who suffers from depression to have a chance at a more normal life.
Symptoms of Depression
It is important to know and learn to look for the various symptoms of depression. It is vital to action quickly when the signs appear so that you can take action and avoid any of the problems that come along with all types of depression.
- An extreme difficulty with concentrating and making any kind of decision is a sign of depression. Remembering details may also be difficult.
- Both fatigue and an overall lack of energy are also common for those who suffer from depression.
- Feelings of being hopeless or helpless or worthless (extreme pessimism) are also a problem.
- Trouble falling asleep (insomnia) as well as excessive sleeping could both be signs of depression.
- Both irritability and being restless are also common symptoms of depression.
- A loss of interest in fun and favorite activities – including sex – is another serious sign of depression.
- Problems with food are also common, including both overeating and rapid weight loss.
- persistent aches or pains, headaches, cramps, or digestive problems that do not ease even with treatment
- Persistent feelings of sadness, anxiousness and emptiness.
- Thoughts of suicide up to and including suicide attempts are very serious signs of depression.
Treatment for Depression
The good news is that there are many great treatments for depression these days. From medication that can help stabilize moods to therapy and counselling, there are many ways that a person can learn to deal with their depression. From seasonal affective disorder to major depression and everything in between, it is a very good idea to make sure treatment is sought as soon as the warning signs begin to appear.
If you take the warning signs of depression seriously, you are going to find that it is easier than you might think to make sure you get the treatment necessary to help a person live a full and fulfilling life. While this could be scary in the past, today there are many treatments available that can really help someone who is suffering from any of the different kinds of depression.